Language Development in
Children 5-6 Years What To Expect
Language development in children 5-6 years: At this age it's important to determine if your child has
school readiness skills.
Some of these include a basic knowledge of the alphabet, counting, colors, shapes, and general concepts.
Your child gains
emergent literacy skills are gained through many hours of reading together (discussed in further detail below).
These skills are the highest predictor of later school success.
Children also develop
phonological awareness skills which include abilities such as rhyming and the awareness of letters and their corresponding sounds.
The better the phonological awareness skills your child has, the better reader and speller they will be.
As important as these two skills are, your child also needs to develop imaginative play and social skills.
Some parents focus so much on educational skills that they forget to "let their child be a child."
Children still need to have childhood experiences to develop creativity and imagination.
During grades K-2, your child is
learning to read. In 3rd grade and up, your child is reading to learn.
NOTE: The ages and their corresponding grades are based upon guidelines followed in the United States. Kindergarten (5-6 Years)
Expressive Language / What the Child Says
Uses preposition “above” (6 years, 6 months) Asks factual and inferential questions Uses all Brown’s Morphemes Begins to master exceptions to grammatical rules (5-7 years) Use and understanding of passive sentences begins (5-7 years) Examples:“The ball was kicked by John.” “The pie was made yesterday.” Receptive Language / What the Child Understands
Follows 3 step directions and multi-step unrelated commands Answers more complex "who", "what", "where", “when”, “how” and “why” questions Answers factual and inferential questions Listens to and understands grade level stories that are read aloud to them Understand/follow a simple conversation
Back to top of language development in children 5-6 years Narrative Development
Complete Episode / True Narrative (6 years) Narratives have a theme, character, plot, logically sequenced, temporally ordered, initiating even, action, consequences, emotion, and resolution Contain at least 5 story grammar elements (example: setting, characters) Phonological Awareness (5-7 years)
Rhyming solidifies. They know the onset (the beginning sound that changes) and the rime (the last part of the word that rhymes) Examples:“park” and “bark” rhyme (“p” and “b” are the onsets, “ark” is the rime) “witty” and “kitty” rhyme (“w” and “k” are the onsets, “itty” is the rime) Alliteration solidifies. They can identify words beginning with the same letter. Examples:"Mommy made magic marshmallows" "Daring daddy dove deep" Segmentation, blending, and manipulating of words and syllables solidifies Examples:Put the words "butter" and "fly" together and you get..."butterfly" take "room" off of "bedroom" and you get... "bed" change "cat" to a new word by putting "p" in the front and it becomes..."pat" take the "t" off the end of "cat" and you have..."ca" put "s" on the end of "cat" and you have... "cats" Letter sounds and written letters/symbols that go with them solidifies (grapheme/phoneme correspondence) Example:They know "S" is the name of the letter, it makes the "ssssss" sound, and it looks like this... S.
Back to top of language development in children 5-6 years Reading
Understands reading is left to right, top to bottom, front to back Understands spoken words have speech sounds in them Recognizes words by sight (about 25 words) “Reads” a few picture books from memory
Imitates reading by looking at pictures Knows alphabet and numbers Writing
Prints his/her own first and last name Draws a picture that tells a story, labels and writes about a picture
Write upper and lower case letters legibly Social/Play
Starts and maintains conversations Uses many types of expression to express needs, wants, and ask questions or give information Hints requests that do not mention the intention in the request (“those smell good!”) Ability to address specific requests for clarification increases (when others say they don’t understand, the child is better at changing his/her words and explaining better what he/she meant)
Back to top of language development in children 5-6 years
Language Development in Children 5-6 Years