3800+ Minimal Pairs for Speech Therapy Practice

3800+ Minimal Pairs for Speech Therapy Practice

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SEE ALSO: 8 Activities for Using Multi-syllabic Words

Minimal Pairs


B


B/P

bee/pea

bin/pin

beg/peg

beep/peep

bay/pay

beach/peach

bark/park

big/pig

bees/peas

bath/path

bug/pug

bye/pie


B/T

bow/tow

boy/toy

bee/tea

buy/tie

boo/two

bed/Ted

bin/tin

bug/tub

book/took

back/tack

bun/ton

buck/tuck


B/D

bow/dough

buy/die

boo/do

buck/duck

bay/day

bait/date

bark/dark

bog/dog

big/dig

bust/dust

bug/Doug

beep/deep


B/K

bee/key

book/cook

bite/kite

ball/call

bone/cone

bap/cap

bow/cow

Bart/cart

bale/kale

bog/cog

beep/keep


B/G

bow/go

buy/guy

bus/Gus

bag/gag

bowl/goal

boat/goat

bet/get

bait/gate

best/guest

bold/gold

brass/grass

bust/gust


B/F

bus/fuss

bin/fin

bite/fight

big/fib

bun/fun

ball/fall

bell/fell

bone/phone

bead/feed

box/fox

bat/fat

bowl/foal


B/V

bee/v

ban/van

bale/veil

best/vest

bat/vat

bet/vet

bowl/vole

bees/V's

bow/vow

bile/vile


B/S

bean/scene

bun/sun

bee/sea

beet/seat

back/sack

bead/seed

band/sand

bale/sale

balloon/saloon

bell/cell

Billy/silly

box/socks


B/Z

boo/zoo

boom/zoom

bed/zed

bee/Z

back/Zach

bap/zap

bone/zone


B/SH

beep/sheep

Bert/shirt

beet/sheet

bow/show

bark/shark

bell/shell

boo/shoe

ball/shawl

bin/shin

bee/she

buy/shy

back/shack

book/shook


B/CH

bin/chin

Bic/chick

bees/cheese

bear/chair

best/chest

buy/chai


B/Voiceless TH

Bic/thick

bird/third

batch/thatch

bumper/thumper

beef/thief

borax/thorax

born/thorn

banks/thanks

Bertie/thirty


B/Voiced TH

bees/these

B/thee

buy/thy

bay/they

bear/their

bow/though

bat/that

ban/than

Ben/then

bare/there


B/H

bee/he

beep/heap

bay/hay

bug/hug

bye/hi

bow/hoe

book/hook

back/hack

ball/hall

bale/hail

bat/hat

bold/hold

bowl/hole


B/DZ

beep/jeep

bump/jump

beans/jeans

bet/jet

bunk/junk

bog/jog

bug/jug

big/jig

belly/jelly

back/Jack


B/M

bat/mat

bike/Mike

bug/mug


B/N

bet/net

bite/night

bow/no

bale/nail

bows/nose

B/knee

bay/neigh

best/nest

boat/note

book/nook


B/L

beef/leaf

bite/light

base/lace

Bic/lick

bet/let

bake/lake

bead/lead

bunch/lunch

beaks/leeks

bet/let

bay/lay


B/R

bow/row

buy/rye

bed/red

bug/rug

book/rook

back/rack

bun/run

bag/rag

bite/right

beach/reach

bench/wrench

boast/roast


B/W

bow/wow

buy/why

bun/one

bag/wag

bite/white

burst/worst

best/west

big/wig

beep/weep

ball/wall

bead/weed

bin/win

beet/wheat


B/Y

Ben/yen

bay/yay

boo/you

bet/yet

back/yak

Bess/yes

P


P/B

pea/bee

pin/bin

peg/beg

peep/beep

pay/bay

peach/beach

park/bark

pig/big

peas/bees

path/bath

pug/bug


P/T

pie/tie

pine/tine

Paul/tall

peel/teal

pen/ten

pale/tail

pea/tea

pin/tin

peach/teach

peas/tease

pan/tan


P/D

pie/die

pine/dine

peal/deal

P/D

pin/din

peep/deep

pay/day

park/dark

pig/dig

peel/deal

pill/dill


P/K

Paul/call

peel/keel

pick/kick

poke/coke

pool/cool

pea/key

pay/K

peas/keys

peep/keep

pan/can

palm/calm


P/G

pie/guy

pot/got

pearl/girl

pate/gate

pest/guest


P/F

pan/fan

pin/fin

paint/faint

pig/fig

pine/fine

peel/feel

pat/fat

pair/fair

pile/file

purr/fur


P/V

P/V

pie/vie

pan/van

purse/verse

pine/vine

peas/V's

pow/vow

pet/vet

pail/veil

pest/vest

pile/vile


P/S

P/C

pie/sigh

peep/seep

Pope/soap

paint/saint

page/sage

pine/sign

peas/seas

pack/sack

peel/seal


P/Z

P/Z

pip/zip

pen/Zen

Pooh/zoo


P/SH

P/she

pie/shy

pin/shin

pot/shot

pop/shop

pip/ship

peep/sheep

park/shark

pine/shine

peat/sheet

power/shower

Pooh/shoe


P/ZH

loop/luge


P/Voiceless TH

pie/thigh

pug/thug

pick/thick

pink/think

paw/thaw

patch/thatch


P/Voiced TH

P/thee

pie/thy

pen/then

peas/these

pose/those

pay/they

pair/their

pat/that

pan/than


P/H

P/he

pie/hi

pot/hot

pop/hop

peep/heap

Pope/hope

pen/hen

pug/hug

pat/hat

pill/hill


P/CH

pin/chin

pop/chop

pip/chip

peep/cheep

peas/cheese

pick/chick

pain/chain

pair/chair

pest/chest


P/DZ

peep/jeep

pay/J

pump/jump

pet/jet

pug/jug

punk/junk

pig/jig

pail/jail

pack/jack

poke/joke


P/M

pan/man

pop/mop

patch/match

pug/mug

pat/mat

pine/mine

pail/mail

peel/meal

park/mark


P/N

pot/knot

purse/nurse

pine/nine

peas/knees

pet/net

putt/nut

pail/nail

pose/nose


P/NG

whip/wing

bap/bang

rip/ring

tip/ting

strip/string


P/L

pick/lick

pine/line

punch/lunch

pot/lot

peg/leg

peach/leech

peep/leap

park/lark

pay/lay

pain/lane

pink/link


P/R

peach/reach

pain/rain

peep/reap

pink/rink

pack/rack

pail/rail

peel/reel

pat/rat

peck/wreck

pest/rest


P/W

pie/why

pin/win

pipe/wipe

peep/weep

pen/when

purse/worse

page/wage

pig/wig

pearl/whirl

pine/whine


P/Y

pot/yacht

pen/yen

pay/yay

Pooh/you

pet/yet

pawn/yawn

Pam/yam

pack/yak

T


T/P

tie/pie

tine/pine

tall/Paul

teal/peel

ten/pen

tail/pail

tea/pea

tin/pin

teach/peach

tease/peas


T/B

toe/bow

toy/boy

tea/bee

tie/buy

two/boo

Tone/bone

tall/ball

tight/bite

tail/bale

team/beam


T/D

ten/den

tea/D

tore/door

tip/dip

town/down

tot/dot

tart/dart

tie/die


T/K

tea/key

tap/cap

tub/cub

tall/call

tool/cool

tape/cape

toast/coast

tight/kite

tote/coat

toffee/coffee


T/G

test/guest

Tess/guess

tall/gall

town/gown

toast/ghost

tie/guy

tap/gap

tool/ghoul

tag/gag

table/gable


T/F

tin/fin

tool/fool

tail/fail

table/fable

tax/fax

ton/fun


T/V

tick/Vick

tail/veil

tea/V

test/vest

T/V

tile/vial


T/S

tub/sub

tip/sip

tell/cell

tower/sour

tack/sack

tea/sea

tore/sore

turf/surf

tail/sail

tick/sick


T/Z

two/zoo

tap/zap

ten/Zen

tea/Z

test/zest

tap/zap


T/SH

tin/shin

tack/shack

take/shake

tips/ship

toe/show

tower/shower

top/shop

tape/shape

tie/shy

two/shoe


T/ZH

bait/beige

lute/luge

root/rouge


T/Voiceless TH

tick/thick

tank/thank

taw/thaw

torn/thorn

tanks/thanks


T/Voiced TH

tease/these

toes/those

tear/their

toe/though

tan/than

ten/then


T/H

two/who

tie/high

top/hop

tub/hub

tail/hail

torn/horn

toe/hoe

tart/heart

tip/hip

took/hook


T/CH

T's/cheese

tin/chin

two/chew

tick/chick

talk/chalk

test/chest

tick/chick

tip/chip

tart/chart


T/DZ

tape/jape

tin/gin

tail/jail

tug/jug

tea/G

tack/jack


T/M

two/moo

tie/my

tap/map

top/mop

tick/Mick

tail/mail

toast/most

tall/mall

tight/might

teen/mean

tan/man


T/N

tight/night

tap/nap

toe/no

tot/knot

tail/nail

tip/nip

took/nook

tease/knees

test/nest

toes/nose


T/NG

wit/wing

tut/tongue

bat/bang

kit/king

got/gong

fat/fang

rut/rung

bit/Bing


T/L

tie/lie

tap/lap

table/label

tick/lick

tug/lug

teach/leech

tuck/luck

took/look

tight/light

tip/lip


T/R

teach/reach

tack/rack

tail/rail

test/rest

toast/roast

tool/rule

toes/rose

tug/rug

tie/rye

toe/row


T/W

tie/why

tin/win

toe/woe

type/wipe

ton/one

tag/wag

tight/white

tail/whale

test/west

tall/wall


T/Y

tot/yacht

ten/yen

two/you

tack/yak

Tess/yes

tell/yell

D


D/P

die/pie

dine/pine

deal/peel

D/P

din/pin

deep/peep

day/pay

dark/park

dig/pig

deal/peel


D/B

dough/bow

D/bee

die/buy

do/boo

duck/buck

den/Ben

day/bay

date/bait

dark/bark

dust/bust


D/T

den/ten

D/tea

door/tore

dip/tip

down/town

dot/tot

dart/tart

die/tie


D/K

D/key

dumb/come

door/core

day/K

date/Kate

dart/cart

deep/keep

dare/care

dot/cot

Dean/keen


D/G

dough/go

down/gown

date/gate

dust/gust

dull/gull

died/guide

dig/gig


D/F

dig/fig

dine/fine

deal/feel

dough/foe

done/fun

deed/feed

dial/file

dog/fog

deer/fear

dare/fair


D/V

Dan/van

dole/vole

dine/vine

deal/veal

dale/veil

D/V

dial/vial

deer/veer

debt/vet

dent/vent


D/S

dip/sip

D/C

dock/sock

duck/suck

dough/sew

die/sigh

door/sore

deep/seep


D/Z

dip/zip

do/zoo

den/Zen

D/zee

dead/zed


D/SH

door/shore

dip/ship

dot/shot

dark/shark

dock/shock

dough/show

dye/shy

dirt/shirt

deep/sheep


D/ZH

rude/rouge


D/Voiceless TH

dank/thank

dumb/thumb

door/Thor

dirty/thirty


D/Voiced TH

D's/these

D/thee

die/thy

doze/those

day/they

dare/their

dough/though

Dan/than

den/then


D/H

dough/hoe

die/hi

do/who

dead/head

dale/hail

den/hen

day/hay

date/hate

dark/hark

dog/hog


D/CH

din/chin

dip/chip

D's/cheese

dare/chair

doze/chose

do/chew

door/chore

dock/chock

deep/cheep

dive/chive

dumb/chum


D/DZ

D's/G's

deep/jeep

dive/jive

dam/jam

dog/jog

dug/jug

dig/jig

dust/just


D/M

dough/mow

die/my

do/moo

duck/muck

Dean/mean

den/men

door/more

day/May

date/mate

dark/mark


D/N

dice/nice

dip/nip

D/knee

dough/no

dine/nine

dot/knot

dale/nail

dame/name


D/NG

bad/bang

rid/ring

kid/king

bid/Bing

fad/fang


D/L

dough/low

die/lie

do/Lou

duck/luck

dime/lime

date/late

dark/lark

dog/log

deep/leap

dine/line


D/R

dough/row

die/rye

dead/red

dale/rail

door/roar

day/ray

date/rate

Doug/rug

dig/rig

dust/rust


D/W

die/why

dip/whip

deep/weep

den/when

dig/wig

dine/wine

deal/wheel

done/one

dale/whale

deed/weed

dial/while


D/Y

dot/yacht

den/yen

day/yay

do/you

debt/yet

dawn/yawn

dam/yam

dell/yell

dumb/yum



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K


K/P

call/Paul

kick/pick

coke/poke

cool/pool

key/pea

keg/peg

K/pay

keys/peas

keep/peep

kick/pick


K/B

key/bee

cook/book

kite/bite

call/ball

cone/bone

cap/bap

cow/bow

cog/bog

cart/Bart

keep/beep


K/T

key/tea

cap/tap

cub/tub

call/tall

cool/tool

cape/tape

keys/T's

coast/toast

kite/tight

coat/tote


K/D

key/D

come/dumb

core/door

K/day

Kate/date

cog/dog

cart/dart

keep/deep

coal/dole

care/dare


K/G

cap/gap

cage/gauge

card/guard

coal/goal

curl/girl

coat/goat

cold/gold


K/F

cat/fat

car/far

cake/fake

case/face

kite/fight

cold/fold

cool/fool

cone/phone

kit/fit

call/fall


K/V

cast/vast

can/vein

key/V

cat/vat

can/van

cow/vow

kale/veil

cane/vane


K/S

cat/sat

coal/sole

kite/sight

cold/sold

kit/sit

cob/sob

kick/sick

coke/soak

key/sea

cold/sold


K/Z

cap/zap

coo/zoo

cone/zone

key/Z

kit/zit

king/zing

kipper/zipper


K/SH

call/shawl

key/she

cook/shook

keep/sheep

core/shore

cape/shape

cake/shake

Kurt/shirt

coo/shoe

cop/shop


K/ZH

bake/beige


K/Voiceless TH

kick/thick

come/thumb

curd/third

catch/thatch

Kirsty/thirsty


K/Voiced TH

keys/these

K/they

care/their

cat/that

kiss/this

can/than

Ken/then


K/H

cart/heart

corn/horn

calf/half

cat/hat

coal/hole

cook/hook

cord/horde


K/CH

kick/chick

cop/chop

can/chain

keys/cheese

care/chair

coke/choke

cap/chap

keep/cheep

cat/chat

coo/chew


K/DZ

cane/Jane

K/J

key/G

kale/jail

car/jar

cog/jog

coin/join

cob/job

cab/jab


K/M

cat/mat

coal/mole

kite/might

cold/mold

call/mall

cob/mob

key/me

core/more

can/man

kiss/miss


K/N

cat/gnat

kite/night

kick/Nick

key/knee

come/numb

curse/nurse

cap/nap

came/name

coat/note

cook/nook


K/NG

wick/wing

tuck/tongue

back/bang

Rick/ring

kick/king

stick/sting

luck/lung

Bic/Bing


K/L

cook/look

cash/lash

cane/lane

code/load

cake/lake

case/lace

camp/lamp

cap/lap

kite/light

kick/lick


K/R

cat/rat

coast/roast

cash/rash

cook/rook

cane/rain

king/ring

code/road

cake/rake

camp/ramp

coach/roach


K/W

cow/wow

kite/white

keep/weep

call/wall

kin/win

keys/wheeze

care/wear

kind/wind

cot/watt

cage/wage


K/Y

cot/yacht

Ken/yen

K/yay

coke/yoke

G


G/P

guy/pie

got/pot

gauge/page

girl/pearl

guest/pest

guide/pied


G/B

go/bow

guy/buy

Gus/bus

gig/big

gag/bag

goal/bowl

gall/ball

goat/boat

get/bet

gate/bait


G/T

goo/two

guy/tie

gap/tap

ghoul/tool

gag/tag

gable/table

gall/tall

gown/town

ghost/toast

guest/test


G/D

go/dough

gown/down

gate/date

gust/dust

gull/dull

guide/died

gig/dig


G/K

gap/cap

gauge/cage

guard/card

goal/coal

girl/curl

goat/coat

gold/cold


G/F

gale/fail

goal/foal

gate/fate

gig/fig

game/fame

gable/fable

go/foe


G/V

guy/vie

gale/veil

goal/vole

goat/vote

get/vet

guest/vest

gear/veer


G/S

go/sew

guy/sigh

gag/sag

gale/sale

gave/save

goal/sole

get/set

gold/sold

gap/sap

gauge/sage


G/Z

goo/zoo

guest/zest

gap/zap


G/SH

go/show

guy/shy

got/shot

gave/shave

guard/shard

gape/shape

gear/shear

goo/shoe

gall/shawl


G/Voiceless TH

gum/thumb

gird/third

Gertie/thirty


G/Voiced TH

G's/these

G/thee

go/though


G/H

gate/hate

go/hoe

goal/hole

goo/who

gale/hail

got/hot

gall/hall

gold/hold

girl/hurl

gear/hear


G/CH

guess/chess

guest/chest

gum/chum

goo/chew

gill/chill

gap/chap

gear/cheer


G/DZ

gale/jail

got/jot

gig/jig

gill/Jill

guess/Jess

get/jet

gust/just

goose/juice

gone/John

gear/jeer


G/M

guy/my

gale/mail

gill/mill

gall/mall

goal/mole

guess/mess

goat/moat

get/met

gate/mate

gust/must


G/N

go/know

gag/nag

gale/nail

got/knot

goat/note

get/net

gate/Nate

guest/nest

gear/near

gap/nap


G/NG

wig/wing

tug/tongue

bag/bang

rig/ring

rug/rung

swig/swing

lug/lung

big/Bing


G/L

go/low

guy/lie

gag/lag

got/lot

guess/less

get/let

gate/late

guard/lard

goose/loose

give/live


G/R

go/row

guy/rye

gag/rag

Gail/rail

got/rot

gig/rig

goal/roll

gate/rate

guest/rest

gust/rust


G/W

go/woe

guy/why

goo/woo

gag/wag

gig/wig

got/what

gig/wig

gave/wave

gill/will

gall/wall


G/Y

get/yet

got/yacht

guess/yes

gall/yawl

gum/yum

gear/year

F


F/P

fan/pan

fin/pin

faint/paint

fig/pig

fine/pine

feel/peel

fat/pat

fair/pair

file/pile

fit/pit


F/B

fuss/buss

fin/bin

fight/bite

fig/big

fun/bun

foal/bowl

fall/ball

fell/bell

phone/bone

feed/bead


F/T

fin/tin

fool/tool

fail/tail

fen/ten

fable/table

fax/tax

fun/ton


F/D

fig/dig

fine/dine

feel/deal

foe/dough

fed/dead

fun/done

feed/deed

file/dial

foe/dough


F/K

fat/cat

foal/coal

far/car

fake/cake

face/case

fight/kite

fold/cold

fool/cool

phone/cone

fit/kit


F/G

fail/gale

foal/goal

fate/gate

fig/gig

fame/game

fable/gable

foe/go


F/V

fan/van

fine/vine

file/vile

fawn/Von

fix/Vicks

fail/veil

fear/veer

fat/vat


F/S

foe/sew

fed/said

fun/sun

fight/sight

fail/sale

feed/seed

feet/seat

fun/son

ford/sword

fine/sign

fat/sat


F/Z

fed/zed

phone/zone

fen/Zen

fit/zit


F/SH

fin/shin

fine/shine

field/shield

fair/share

fort/short

fun/shun

fox/shocks

fear/shear

fake/shake

fame/shame


F/ZH

roof/rouge


F/Voiceless TH

fin/thin

free/three

Fred/thread


F/Voiced TH

fees/these

fee/thee

foes/those

foe/though

fat/that

fan/than

fair/there


F/H

farm/harm

feel/heel

fat/hat

fair/hair

fit/hit

fur/her

fight/height

fall/hall

fate/hate

fog/hog


F/CH

fin/chin

fees/cheese

fair/chair

folk/choke

foes/chose

fill/chill

farm/charm

fat/chat

five/chive

fear/cheer


F/DZ

fan/Jan

fin/gin

fig/jig

phone/Joan

fox/jocks

fog/job

folk/joke

fax/jacks

fake/Jake

far/jar

foe/Joe


F/M

fan/man

fat/mat

fine/mine

fail/mail

feet/meat

feel/meal

funny/money

fake/make

fix/mix

foal/mole


F/N

fat/gnat

fine/nine

fail/nail

feel/kneel

fight/night

fit/knit

foam/gnome

fun/nun


F/NG

whiff/wing

tough/tongue

riff/ring

tiff/ting

Gough/gong

rough/rung

stiff/sting

biff/Bing


F/L

fine/line

fair/lair

fit/lit

fight/light

phone/lone

feed/lead

fox/locks

fate/late

fog/log

face/lace


F/R

fan/ran

fig/rig

feel/reel

fat/rat

funny/runny

foe/row

fed/red

foam/Rome

fail/rail

fake/rake


F/W

foe/woe

fed/wed

feel/wheel

find/wind

fees/wheeze

feet/wheat

full/wool

fin/win

feed/weed

fill/will


F/Y

fawn/yawn

fen/yen

fell/yell

folk/yolk

Faye/yay

V


V/P

V/P

vie/pie

van/pan

verse/purse

V's/peas

vow/pow

vet/pet

veil/pail

vest/pest

vine/pine


V/B

V/bee

van/ban

veil/bale

vest/best

vat/bat

vet/bet

V's/bees

vow/bow

vile/bile


V/T

vie/tie

Vic/tick

veil/tail

V/tea

vest/test

V/T

vile/tile


V/D

van/Dan

vine/dine

veal/deal

vile/dial

V/D

veer/deer

vet/debt

vote/dote

Vaughn/dawn

vent/dent


V/K

vast/cast

V/key

vat/cat

van/can

vow/cow

veil/kale

vane/cane


V/G

vie/guy

veil/gale

vote/goat

vet/get

vest/guest

veer/gear


V/F

van/fan

vine/fine

vile/file

Vaughn/fawn

Vicks/fix

veil/fail

veer/fear

vat/fat


V/S

V/sea

veil/sale

vat/sat

Vic/sick

vow/sow

vet/set

Vicks/six

vine/sign

seal/veal

veil/sail


V/Z

veal/zeal

V/Z

vest/zest

V's/Z's


V/SH

vine/shine

veil/shale

V/she

veer/shear

Vic/Schick

vie/shy

vein/Shane


V/Voiceless TH

Vic/thick

vie/thigh


V/Voiced TH

V's/these

V/thee

vie/thy

vat/that

van/than


V/H

veal/heel

veil/hail

V/he

veer/hear

vie/high

vow/how

vat/hat


V/CH

Vic/chick

vein/chain

V's/cheese

vat/chat

vest/chest

veer/cheer


V/DZ

V/G

veil/jail

van/Jan

veer/jeer

V's/G's

vein/Jane

vet/jet


V/M

van/man

vine/mine

veal/meal

veil/mail

vile/mile

V/me

vet/met

vote/moat

Vic/Mick

vein/mane


V/N

vine/nine

veal/kneel

veil/nail

vial/Nile

V/knee

veer/near

vet/net

vote/note

verse/nurse

vow/now


V/L

vine/line

V/Lee

vet/let

Vic/lick

Vaughn/lawn

vie/lie

vein/lane


V/R

van/ran

veal/reel

veil/rail

vile/rile

vote/wrote

vie/rye

vest/rest

vat/rat

vein/rain


V/W

vow/wow

vie/why

veil/whale

verse/worse

vest/west

V's/wheeze

vet/wet

vine/wine

vein/wane


V/Y

veil/Yale

veer/year

vet/yet

Vaughn/yawn



Return to Top of Minimal Pairs List


S


S/P

C/P

sigh/pie

soap/Pope

saint/paint

sage/page

sing/pine

seas/peas

sack/pack


S/B

scene/bean

sun/bun

sea/bee

seat/beet

sack/back

seed/bead

sand/band

sale/bale


S/T

sub/tub

sip/tip

sew/toe

sick/tick

sail/tail

sore/tore

surf/turf

sea/tea


S/D

sip/dip

C/D

sock/dock

suck/duck

sew/dough

sign/die

sore/door

seep/deep


S/K

sat/cat

sole/coal

sight/kite

sold/cold

sit/kit

sob/cob

sick/kick

sea/key


S/G

sew/go

sigh/guy

sag/gag

save/gave

sole/goal

set/get

sold/gold

sap/gap


S/F

sew/foe

said/fed

sun/fun

sight/fight

sail/fail

seed/feed

seat/feet

son/fun


S/V

sea/V

sale/veil

sick/Vic

six/Vicks

sign/vine

seal/veal

sail/veil

sane/vein


S/Z

sip/zip

sink/zinc

sap/zap


S/SH

sew/show

seat/sheet

sour/shower

sell/shell

sip/ship

sack/shack

sign/shine

sore/shore


S/ZH

loose/luge

base/beige


S/Voiceless TH

sink/think

sick/thick

sum/thumb

saw/thaw

sigh/thigh

sank/thank


S/Voiced TH

C's/these

sea/thee

sigh/thy

say/they

sew/though

sat/that

sis/this


S/H

seat/heat

sip/hip

seal/heel

soap/hope

sum/hum

sand/hand

suit/hoot

soup/hoop


S/CH

sick/chick

sip/chip

silly/chili


S/DZ

scene/Jean

sane/Jane

sea/G

sack/Jack

cell/gel

sob/job

soak/joke

set/jet


S/M

sign/mine

sale/mail

seat/meat

seal/meal

sunny/money

six/mix

silk/milk

south/mouth


S/N

sea/knee

seat/neat

sack/knack

sale/nail

socks/knocks

sight/night

sum/numb

sap/nap


S/NG

kiss/king


S/L

sick/lick

sign/line

sink/link

sight/light

seed/lead

say/lay

sew/low

sigh/lie


S/R

sail/rail

sash/rash

sew/row

soap/rope

sing/ring

sink/rink

sack/rack

sock/rock


S/W

sew/woe

sigh/why

said/wed

sack/whack

sun/one

sight/white

sale/whale

seed/weed

seat/wheat

save/wave


S/Y

cell/yell

sap/yap

sum/yum

sack/yak

say/yay

set/yet

Sam/yam

soak/yolk

Sue/U

Z


Z/P

Z/P

Zen/pen

zoo/Pooh


Z/B

zoo/boo

zoom/boom

Zach/back

zone/bone


Z/T

zoo/two

zap/tap

Zen/ten

Z/tea

zest/test


Z/D

zip/dip

zoo/do

Zen/den

zed/dead


Z/K

zap/cap

zoo/coo

zone/cone

Z/key

zit/kit

zing/king


Z/G

zoo/goo

zest/guest

zap/gap


Z/F

zed/fed

zone/phone

zit/fit


Z/V

zeal/veal

Z/V

zest/vest

Z's/V's


Z/S

zip/sip

zinc/sink

zap/sap


Z/SH

zoo/shoe

Z/she

Zach/shack

zip/ship


Z/ZH

lose/luge

ruse/rouge

bays/beige


Z/Voiceless TH

zinc/think


Z/Voiced TH

Z's/these

Z/thee

Zen/then


Z/H

zoo/who

zed/head

Z/he

Zack/hack

zone/hone

zip/hip

zit/hit

Zen/hen


Z/CH

Zane/chain

Z's/cheese

zap/chap

zoo/chew

zest/chest

zoos/choose


Z/DZ

Z/G

Zack/jack

zone/Joan

Zen/Jen


Z/M

zoo/moo

Z/me

Zack/Mack

zap/map

zone/moan

Zen/men

zit/mitt

zinc/mink


Z/N

zed/Ned

Z/knee

Zack/knack

zap/nap

zit/knit

zest/nest

zip/nip


Z/NG

whiz/wing

biz/Bing


Z/L

zoo/Lou

zed/lead

Z/Leigh

Zack/lack

zone/lone

zip/lip

zit/lit


Z/R

zoom/room

zed/red

Zach/rack

zap/wrap

Zen/wren

zit/writ

zest/rest

zing/ring

zinc/rink

zip/rip


Z/W

Z/we

zest/west

Z's/wheeze

zip/whip

Zen/when

zinc/wink

zit/wit


Z/Y

zap/yap

Zen/yen

Zack/yak

SH


SH/P

she/P

shy/pie

shin/pin

shot/pot

shop/pop

sheep/peep

shark/park

shine/pine

shower/power

shawl/Paul


SH/B

sheep/beep

shirt/Bert

sheet/beet

show/bow

shark/bark

shell/bell

shoe/boo

shawl/ball

shin/bin

she/bee


SH/T

shoe/two

shy/tie

shape/tape

shop/top

shore/tore

ship/tip

shot/tot

show/toe

shower/tower

shell/tell


SH/D

shore/door

ship/dip

shot/dot

shark/dark

shock/dock

show/dough

shy/dye

shirt/dirt

sheep/deep


SH/K

shawl/call

Schick/kick

she/key

shook/cook

sheep/keep

shore/core

shape/cape

shake/cake

shin/kin

shop/cop


SH/G

show/go

shy/guy

shoe/goo

shot/got

shave/gave

shard/guard

shape/gape

shone/gone

shear/gear

shot/got


SH/F

shin/fin

shine/fine

shield/field

share/fair

short/fort

shun/fun

shawl/fall

shell/fell

shocks/fox

shear/fear


SH/V

shine/vine

she/V

shear/veer

Schick/Vic

shy/vie

Shane/vein


SH/S

show/sew

sheet/seat

shower/sour

shell/sell

ship/sip

shack/sack

shine/sign

shore/saw

shock/sock

shell/cell


SH/Z

shoe/zoo

shed/zed

she/Z

shack/Zach

ship/zip


SH/Voiceless TH

Schick/thick

sheaf/thief

shorn/thorn

shanks/thanks


SH/Voiced TH

she/thee

shy/thy

shay/they

share/their

show/though


SH/H

she/he

shy/hi

shot/hot

shop/hop

ship/hip

sheep/heap

share/hair

shut/hut

shirt/hurt


SH/CH

shoes/choose

shop/chop

share/chair

sheep/cheap

shoe/chew

ship/chip


SH/DZ

she/G

sheep/jeep

show/Joe

shut/jut

shin/gin

shocks/jocks

shear/jeer

shacks/jacks

shake/Jake

shade/jade


SH/M

shoe/moo

shade/made

shake/make

shark/mark

she/me

sheet/meat

shine/mine

shoe/moo

shop/mop

show/mow


SH/N

Schick/Nick

shack/knack

shale/nail

shave/knave

she/knee

shear/near

sheet/neat

shine/nine

shoe/new

show/no


SH/NG

wish/wing

bash/bang

gosh/gong

rush/rung

swish/swing

lush/lung


SH/L

shine/line

sheep/leap

shark/lark

Shane/lane

sheaf/leaf

show/low

shy/lie

shook/look

ship/lip

shake/lake


SH/R

sheep/reap

shack/rack

shy/rye

shod/rod

shows/rose

share/rare

shun/run

shake/rake

shed/red

show/row


SH/W

shock/wok

shell/well

shawl/wall

ship/whip

sheet/wheat

shake/wake

shed/wed

sheep/weep

shine/wine

shave/wave


SH/Y

shoe/you

yell/shell

shawl/ya'll

shoe/ewe

shirt/yurt

shack/yak

CH


CH/P

chi/pie

chin/pin

chop/pop

cheap/peep

cheese/peas

chick/pick

chin/pane

chir/pair

chest/pest


CH/B

chin/bin

chick/Bic

cheese/bees

chir/bear

chest/best

chi/buy


CH/T

cheese/T's

chop/top

chin/tin

chew/two

chi/tie

chick/tick

chalk/talk

chest/test

chick/tick

chip/tip


CH/D

chip/dip

cheese/D's

chir/dare

chose/doze

chi/dye

chew/do

chore/door

cheap/deep

chive/dive

chum/dumb


CH/K

chin/kin

chick/kick

chop/cop

chin/cane

cheese/keys

chir/care

chore/core

choke/coke

chap/cap

chum/come


CH/G

chi/guy

chess/guess

chest/guest

chum/gum

chew/goo

chill/gill

chap/gap

cheer/gear


CH/F

chin/fin

cheese/fees

chir/fair

choke/folk

chose/foes

chill/fill

charm/farm

chat/fat

chili/Philly

chive/five


CH/V

chick/Vick

chin/vein

cheese/V's

chat/vat

chest/vest

cheer/veer

chi/vie


CH/S

chick/sick

chip/sip

chili/silly


CH/Z

chin/Zane

cheese/Z's

chap/zap

chew/zoo

chest/zest

choose/zoos


CH/SH

choose/shoes

chop/shop

chir/share

cheap/sheep

chew/shoe

chip/sip


CH/Voiceless TH

chin/thin

chick/thick


CH/Voiced TH

cheese/these

chose/those

chir/their

chat/that


CH/H

chop/hop

chew/who

chi/high

chalk/hawk

chip/hip

chart/heart

chir/hair

chum/hum

cheep/heap

chose/hose


CH/DZ

cheese/G's

chin/Jane

cheap/jeep

chunk/junk

choke/joke

chive/jive

cello/jello


CH/M

chick/Mick

chop/mop

chin/mane

chir/mare

chose/mows

chap/map

chat/mat

chew/moo

chi/my

cherry/merry


CH/N

chick/nick

cheese/knees

chose/nose

chill/nil

chap/nap

chum/numb

chat/gnat

chew/new

chest/nest

cheer/near


CH/NG

witch/wing

touch/tongue

batch/bang

rich/ring

switch/swing

stitch/sting

lunch/lung


CH/L

chin/Lynne

chick/lick

choose/lose

chip/lip

chin/lane

chir/lair

chimp/limp

champ/lamp

chase/lace

cheek/leak


CH/R

chat/rat

chin/rain

chase/race

chime/rhyme

chink/rink

chip/rip

cheep/reap

chir/rare

chest/rest

chose/rose


CH/W

chick/wick

chin/win

chin/Wayne

chest/west

chip/whip

chalk/walk


CH/Y

chew/ewe

cheer/year

cello/yellow

chess/yes



Return to Top of Minimal Pairs List



Use Multi-Syllabic Word Party, An Interactive App for Strengthening Phonological Awareness Skills


SEE ALSO: 21 Free Apps for Speech Therapy

Voiceless TH


TH/P

thigh/pie

thug/pug

thick/pick

think/pink

thaw/paw


TH/B

thick/Bic

third/bird

Thumper/bumper

thief/beef

thorn/born

thanks/banks

thirty/birdie


TH/T

thick/tick

thong/tong

thank/tank

thorn/torn

thanks/tanks


TH/D

thank/dank

thumb/dumb

Thor/door

thirty/dirty


TH/K

thick/kick

think/kink

thumb/come

third/curd

Thor/core

thirsty/Kirsty


TH/G

thumb/gum

third/gird

thirty/Gertie


TH/F

thin/fin

three/free

thread/Fred

Thor/four


TH/V

thick/Vick

thigh/vie


TH/S

think/sink

thick/sick

thumb/sum

thaw/saw

thigh/sigh

thank/sank


TH/Z

think/zinc


TH/SH

thick/Schick

thief/sheaf

thorn/shorn

thanks/shanks


TH/ZH

Ruth/rouge


TH/Voiced TH

thigh/thy


TH/H

thick/hick

thank/Hank

thumb/hum

third/herd

thatch/hatch


TH/CH

thin/chin

thick/chick


TH/DZ

thaw/jaw


TH/M

thick/Mick

think/mink

thumb/mum

thorn/mourn


TH/N

thick/Nick

thumb/numb

third/nerd

thimble/nimble

thaw/gnaw


TH/NG

bath/bang

Goth/gong


TH/L

thick/lick

think/link

thaw/law

thief/leaf


TH/R

thick/Rick

think/rink

thaw/raw

thief/reef

thanks/ranks


TH/W

thin/win

think/wink

thick/wick

thunder/wonder

third/word

Thor/war

thorn/worn


TH/Y

they/yay

thumb/yum

thanks/yanks

Voiced TH


TH/P

thee/P

thy/pie

then/pen

these/peas

those/pose

they/pay

their/pair

that/pat

than/pan


TH/B

these/bees

thee/bee

thy/buy

those/boughs

they/bay

their/bear

though/bow

that/bat

than/ban

there/bare


TH/T

these/tease

those/toes

their/tear

though/toe

than/tan

then/ten


TH/D

these/D's

thee/D

thy/die

those/doze

they/day

their/dare

though/dough

than/Dan

then/den


TH/K

these/keys

they/K

their/care

that/cat

this/kiss

than/can

then/Ken


TH/G

these/G's

thee/G

though/go


TH/F

these/fees

thee/fee

those/foes

though/foe

that/fat

than/fan

then/fen

there/fair


TH/V

these/V's

thee/V

thy/vie

that/vat

than/van


TH/S

these/C's

thee/sea

thy/sigh

they/say

though/sew

that/sat

this/sis


TH/Z

these/Z's

thee/Z

then/Zen


TH/SH

thee/she

thy/shy

they/shay

their/share

though/show


TH/ZH

bathe/beige


TH/Voiceless TH

thigh/thy


TH/H

those/hose

them/hem

they/hay

their/hair

though/hoe

that/hat

this/hiss

then/hen


TH/CH

these/cheese

those/chose

their/chir

that/chat


TH/DZ

these/G's

thee/G

though/Joe

they/Jay


TH/M

thee/me

thy/my

they/May

that/mat

this/miss

than/man

then/men

there/mare


TH/N

these/knees

thee/knee

those/nose

they/neigh

though/no

that/gnat

than/Nat


TH/NG

with/wing


TH/L

thee/Lee

thy/lie

they/lay

their/lair


TH/R

those/rose

their/rare

though/row

that/rat

than/ran

then/wren


TH/W

thee/we

thy/why

these/wheeze

those/woes

they/way

their/wear

though/woe

then/when

there/where


TH/Y 

thee/ye

they/yay

though/yo

H


H/P

he/P

hi/pie

hot/pot

hop/pop

heap/peep

hope/Pope

hen/pen

hill/pill

hat/pat

heart/part


H/B

he/bee

heap/beep

hay/bay

hug/bug

hi/bye

hoe/bow

hook/book

hall/ball

hat/bat

hail/bale


H/T

who/two

high/tie

hop/top

hub/tub

hail/tail

hug/tug

hen/ten

he/tea

host/toast

hip/tip


H/D

hoe/dough

he/Dee

who/do

head/dead

hen/den

hay/day

hate/date

hog/dog

hear/deer

heart/dart


H/K

heart/cart

horn/corn

half/calf

hat/cat

hole/coal

hook/cook

horde/cord


H/G

hate/gate

hoe/go

hole/goal

who/goo

hail/gale

hot/got

hill/gill

hall/gall

hold/gold

hurl/girl


H/F

harm/farm

heel/feel

hat/fat

hair/fair

hit/fit

her/fur

hawk/fork

height/fight

hate/fate

hog/fog


H/V

heel/veal

hail/veil

hear/veer

he/V

high/vie

how/vow

hat/vat


H/S

heat/seat

hip/sip

heel/seal

hope/soap

hum/sum

hand/sand

hoot/suit

hoop/soup


H/Z

who/zoo

head/zed

he/Z

hack/Zack

hone/zone

hip/zip

hit/zit

hen/Zen


H/SH

he/she

hi/shy

hot/shot

hop/shop

hip/ship

heap/sheep

hair/share

hose/shows

hook/shook

who/shoe


H/Voiceless TH

hick/thick

Hank/thank

hum/thumb

herd/third

hatch/thatch


H/Voiced TH

hose/those

hem/them

hay/they

hair/their

hoe/though

hat/that

hiss/this

hen/then


H/CH

hop/chop

who/chew

high/chi

hawk/chalk

hip/chip

heart/chart

hair/chir

heap/cheap

hose/chose

hear/cheer


H/DZ

he/G

heap/jeep

hen/Jen

hug/jug

hill/Jill

hay/Jay

hoe/Joe

hail/jail

hoist/joist

hut/jut


H/M

he/me

hi/my

hop/mop

hope/mope

hen/men

hug/mug

hat/mat

hill/mill

host/most

horn/mourn


H/N

he/knee

hot/knot

hip/nip

hope/nope

hum/numb

head/Ned

hail/nail

hoe/no

hose/nose

herd/nerd


H/L

he/Lee

who/Lou

half/laugh

head/lead

hick/lick

hook/look

hand/land

hoe/low

hatch/latch

heap/leap


H/R

heap/reap

hail/rail

heel/reel

hat/rat

host/roast

hug/rug

hose/rose

hoe/row

habit/rabbit

head/red

hole/roll


H/W

hall/wall

hip/whip

heat/wheat

head/wed

heap/weep

hail/whale

high/why

hill/will

haze/ways

hay/way


H/Y

who/you

hear/year

hack/yak

hen/yen

hot/yacht

ham/yam

hay/yay

hard/yard

hello/yellow

DZ


DZ/P

jeep/peep

Jay/pay

jump/pump

jet/pet

jug/pug

junk/punk

jig/pig

jail/pail

jack/pack

Jane/pain


DZ/B

jeep/beep

jump/bump

jeans/beans

jet/bet

junk/bunk

jog/bog

jug/bug

jig/big

jelly/belly

Jack/back


DZ/T

gin/tin

jail/tail

jug/tug

Jen/ten

G/tea

jack/tack


DZ/D

G's/D's

jeep/deep

jive/dive

jam/dam

jog/dog

jug/Doug

jig/dig

just/dust

G/D


DZ/K

Jane/cane

J/K

G/key

jar/car

jog/cog

join/coin

job/cob

jab/cab

jail/kale


DZ/G

jail/Gale

jig/gig

Jill/gill

Jess/guess

jet/get

just/gust

juice/goose

John/gone

jeer/gear

junk/gunk


DZ/F

Jan/fan

gin/fin

jig/fig

Joan/phone

jog/fog

jeer/fear

joke/folk

Jake/fake

jar/far

jade/fade


DZ/V

G/V

jail/veil

Jan/van

jeer/veer

G's/V's

Jane/vein

jet/vet

Jim/vim


DZ/S

Jean/scene

Jane/sane

G/sea

Jack/sack

jail/sale

gel/cell

job/sob

joke/soak

jet/set

jaw/saw


DZ/Z

G/Z

jack/Zach

Joan/zone

Jen/Zen


DZ/SH

G/she

jot/shot

jeep/sheep

Joe/show

Jock/shock

just/shut

gin/shin

jocks/shocks

jeer/sheer

jacks/shacks


DZ/Voiceless TH

jaw/thaw


DZ/Voiced TH

G's/these

G/thee

Jo/though

Jay/they


DZ/H

G/he

jeep/heap

Jen/hen

jug/hug

Jill/hill

Jay/hay

Joe/hoe

jail/hail

joist/hoist

jut/hut


DZ/CH

G's/cheese

Jane/chain

jeep/cheap

junk/chunk

joke/choke

jive/chive

jello/cello


DZ/M

Jen/men

jacks/Max

jug/mug

Jill/mill

Joe/mow

jail/mail

Jan/man

Joan/moan

jade/made

jello/mellow


DZ/N

G/knee

Jill/nil

Jay/neigh

Joe/no

jail/nail

jock/knock

jut/nut

job/knob

Jack/knack


DZ/NG

badge/bang

ridge/ring


DZ/L

jeep/leap

Jay/lay

jet/let

Jane/lane

jug/lug

Jess/less

jaw/law

jam/lamb

jog/log


DZ/R

Jane/rain

jeep/reap

jack/rack

jail/rail

jug/rug

jig/rig

Jan/ran

just/rust

Jake/rake

Joe/row


DZ/W

jeep/weep

jail/whale

jig/wig

Jay/weigh

jet/wet

germ/worm

jade/wade


DZ/Y

Jay/yay

jet/yet

Jack/yak

joke/yolk

jam/yam

jetty/yeti

jot/yacht

gel/yell



Return to Top of Minimal Pairs List


M


M/P

man/pan

mop/pop

match/patch

mug/pug

mat/pat

mine/pine

mail/pail

meal/peel

my/pie

mark/park


M/B

mat/bat

mic/bike

mug/bug


M/T

moo/two

my/tie

map/tap

mop/top

mail/tail

mug/tug

men/ten

me/tea

more/tore

most/toast


M/D

mow/dough

me/D

must/dust

mug/Doug

mark/dark

mate/date

more/door

men/den

mail/Dale

mean/Dean


M/K

mat/cat

mole/coal

might/kite

mold/cold

mall/call

mob/cob

me/key

more/core

man/can

mop/cop


M/G

my/guy

mail/Gail

mall/gall

musty/gusty

mole/goal

mess/guess

moat/goat

met/get

mate/gate

must/gust


M/F

man/fan

mat/fat

mine/fine

mail/fail

meat/feet

meal/feel

money/funny

make/fake

mix/fix

maid/fade


M/V

man/van

mine/vine

meal/veal

mail/veil

mile/vial

me/V

met/vet

moat/vote

Mick/Vic

main/vein


M/S

mine/sign

mail/sale

meat/seat

meal/seal

money/sunny

mix/six

milk/silk

mouth/south

mole/sole


M/Z

moo/zoo

me/Z

Mac/Zach

map/zap

moan/zone

men/Zen

mitt/zit

mink/zinc


M/SH

Mac/shack

made/shade

make/shake

mark/shark

mall/shawl

me/she

meat/sheet

mine/shine

moo/shoe

mop/shop


M/ZH

loom/luge

room/rouge


M/Voiceless TH

Mick/thick

mink/think

mourn/thorn


M/Voiced TH

me/thee

my/thy

May/they

mat/that

miss/this

man/than

men/then

mare/there


M/H

me/he

my/hi

mop/hop

men/hen

mug/hug

mat/hat

most/host

mare/hair

mows/hose

mole/hole


M/CH

mop/chop

mane/chain

mare/chair

mows/chose

mill/chill

map/chap

mat/chat

moo/chew

mellow/cello

merry/cherry


M/DZ

me/G

men/Jen

mill/Jill

May/Jay

mail/jail

man/Jan

mow/Joe

mean/Jean

made/jade

monk/junk


M/N

me/knee

meal/kneel

might/knight

mob/knob

mail/nail

map/nap

meat/neat

mice/nice

mine/nine

mow/no


M/NG

whim/wing

rim/ring


M/L

mine/line

munch/lunch

mark/lark

may/lay

mane/lane

might/light

mace/lace

mime/lime

mate/late

mice/lice


M/R

mane/rain

mail/rail

meal/real

mat/rat

most/roast

mope/rope

men/wren

must/rust

man/ran

might/right


M/W

mow/woe

my/why

might/white

mail/whale

mall/wall

meat/wheat

mock/wok

mine/whine

men/when

meal/wheel


M/Y

mellow/yellow

mess/yes

may/yay

met/yet

Mac/yak

map/yap

N


N/P

knot/pot

nurse/purse

nine/pine

knees/peas

net/pet

nut/putt

nail/pail

nose/pose


N/B

net/bet

night/bite

nook/book

note/boat

nest/best

neigh/bay

knee/B

nose/bows

nail/bail

no/bow


N/T

night/tight

nap/tap

no/toe

knot/tot

nail/tail

name/tame

nose/toes

nest/test

knees/tease

nook/took


N/D

nice/dice

nip/dip

knee/D

no/dough

nine/dine

knot/dot

nail/Dale

name/dame


N/K

gnat/cat

night/kite

Nick/kick

knee/key

numb/come

not/cot

nut/cut

nurse/curse

nap/cap

name/came


N/G

know/go

nag/gag

knot/got

note/goat

net/get

Nate/gate

nest/guest

noose/goose

nap/gap

near/gear


N/F

gnat/fat

nine/fine

nail/fail

kneel/feel

night/fight

knit/fit

gnome/foam

nun/fun


N/V

nine/vine

kneel/veal

nail/veil

Nile/vial

knee/V

near/veer

net/vet

note/vote

nurse/verse

now/vow


N/S

nun/sun

knee/sea

neat/seat

knack/sack

net/set

nap/sap

numb/sum

Nick/sick

knob/sob

night/sight


N/Z

gnu/zoo

Ned/zed

knee/Z

knack/Zach

nap/zap

knit/zit

nest/zest

nip/zip


N/SH

knack/shack

nag/shag

knave/shave

knee/she

near/shear

nine/shine

neat/sheet

nip/ship

gnu/shoe

know/show


N/ZH

bane/beige


N/Voiceless TH

Nick/thick

numb/thumb

nerd/third

nimble/thimble

gnaw/thaw


N/Voiced TH

knees/these

knee/thee

nose/those

neigh/they

no/though

gnat/that

Nan/than


N/H

knee/he

knot/hot

nip/hip

nope/hope

nose/hose

nail/hail

Ned/head

gnome/home

numb/hum

nerd/herd


N/CH

Nick/chick

knees/cheese

nose/chose

nap/chap

numb/chum

gnu/chew

nest/chest

near/cheer

nip/chip

knock/chalk


N/DZ

knee/G

nay/Jay

no/Joe

nail/jail

knock/Jock

nut/jut

knack/Jack

knob/job

net/jet

nil/Jill


N/M

gnat/mat

knee/me

kneel/meal

knight/might

knit/mitt

nail/mail

nap/map

neat/meat

nice/mice

night/might


N/NG

fan/fang

win/wing

pin/Ping

ton/tongue

ban/bang

thin/thing

run/rung

bin/Bing

tin/ting

gone/gong


N/L

night/light

knock/lock

nine/line

nap/lap

no/low

knot/lot

name/lame

net/let

nip/lip

know/low


N/R

knack/rack

nail/rail

neck/wreck

nope/rope

nod/rod

nose/rose

night/right

knocks/rocks

no/row

nest/rest


N/W

no/woe

knack/whack

night/white

nail/whale

need/weed

neat/wheat

knee/wee

neigh/weigh

nine/whine

kneel/wheel


N/Y

nap/yap

Nell/yell

knack/yak

neigh/yay

net/yet

knot/yacht

L


L/P

lick/pick

line/pine

lunch/punch

lot/pot

leg/peg

leech/peach

leap/peep

lark/park

lay/pay

lane/pain


L/B

leaf/beef

light/bite

lace/base

lick/Bic

let/bet

lake/bake

lead/bead

lunch/bunch

leeks/beaks

low/bow


L/T

Lou/two

lie/tie

lap/tap

lick/tick

lake/take

low/toe

label/table

luck/tuck

light/tight

lip/tip


L/D

low/dough

lie/die

luck/duck

lime/dime

late/date

lay/day

lark/dark

log/dog

leap/deep

line/dine


L/K

look/cook

lash/cash

lane/cane

load/code

lake/cake

lace/case

lamp/camp

lap/cap

light/kite

lick/kick


L/G

low/go

lie/guy

lag/gag

lot/got

less/guess

let/get

late/gate

loose/goose

live/give

lap/gap


L/F

line/fine

lair/fair

lit/fit

light/fight

lone/phone

lead/feed

locks/fox

log/fog

label/fable

led/fed


L/V

line/vine

Lee/V

let/vet

lick/Vic

lawn/Vaughn

lie/vie

lane/vein


L/S

lick/sick

line/sign

lay/say

link/sink

leak/seek

light/sight

let/set

lake/sake

lead/seed

lay/say


L/Z

Lou/zoo

lead/zed

Lee/Z

lack/Zach

lone/zone

lip/zip

lit/zit

Len/Zen


L/SH

line/shine

lot/shot

leap/sheep

lark/shark

low/show

lie/shy

Lee/she

look/shook

lip/ship

lose/shoes


L/ZH

rule/rouge

bale/beige


L/Voiceless TH

lick/thick

link/think

law/thaw

latch/thatch

leaf/thief


L/Voiced TH

Lee/thee

lie/thy

lay/they

lair/their

Len/then


L/H

Lee/he

lie/hi

lip/hip

leap/heap

latch/hatch

lair/hair

lay/hay

look/hook

land/hand

lead/head


L/CH

Lynne/chin

lick/chick

lose/choose

lip/chip

lane/chain

lair/chair

limp/chimp

lamp/champ

link/chink

leak/cheek


L/DZ

leap/jeep

lay/Jay

lane/Jane

let/jet

low/Joe

less/Jess

limb/Jim

law/jaw

lamb/jam

log/jog


L/M

line/mine

lunch/munch

lark/mark

link/mink

light/might

lime/mime

low/mow

lap/map

less/mess

lake/make


L/N

light/night

lock/knock

line/nine

lap/nap

low/no

lot/knot

lame/name

let/net

lip/nip

low/know


L/NG

will/wing

till/ting

kill/king

still/sting

lull/lung

bill/Bing


L/R

lamp/ramp

lace/race

lake/rake

leaf/reef

lock/rock

light/right

load/road

lime/rhyme

lane/rain

lamb/ram


L/W

lead/weed

light/white

lake/wake

link/wink

led/wed

let/wet

late/wait

leap/weep

life/wife

line/whine


L/Y

lamb/yam

lamb/yam

lay/yay

lawn/yawn

less/yes

lard/yard

lot/yacht

let/yet

lap/yap

R


R/P

reach/peach

rain/pain

rink/pink

rack/pack

rail/pail

rat/pat

wreck/peck

rest/pest

roast/post

rocket/pocket


R/B

row/bow

red/bed

rug/bug

rack/back

run/bun

rag/bag

right/bite

reach/beach

rail/bail

wrench/bench


R/T

reach/teach

rack/tack

rail/tail

rest/test

roast/toast

rule/tool

rose/toes

rug/tug

wren/ten

row/toe


R/D

row/dough

rye/die

red/dead

rail/Dale

roar/door

ray/day

rate/date

rug/Doug

rig/dig

rust/dust


R/K

rat/cat

roast/coast

rash/cash

roll/coal

rain/cane

ring/king

road/code

rake/cake

race/case

ramp/camp


R/G

row/go

rye/guy

rag/gag

rail/Gail

rot/got

rig/gig

rave/gave

roll/goal

rate/gate

rest/guest


R/F

ran/fan

rig/fig

runny/funny

row/foe

red/fed

rail/fail

rake/fake

race/face

rocks/fox

read/feed


R/V

ran/van

real/veal

rail/veil

wrote/vote

row/vow

rest/vest

rat/vat

rain/vein

rile/vial


R/S

rail/sail

real/seal

rand/sand

rash/sash

row/sew

rope/soap

ring/sing

rink/sink

rack/sack

rock/sock


R/Z

room/zoom

red/zed

rack/Zack

wrap/zap

rest/zest

ring/zing

rink/zinc

rip/zip


R/SH

rain/Shane

rack/shack

rod/shod

rose/shows

rare/share

run/shun

rake/shake

red/shed

row/show

rut/shut


R/Voiceless TH

Rick/thick

rink/think

raw/thaw

reef/thief

ranks/thanks


R/Voiced TH

rose/those

ray/they

rare/their

row/though

rat/that

ran/than

wren/then


R/H

reap/heap

rail/hail

real/heel

rat/hat

roast/host

rug/hug

rose/hose

rabbit/habit

red/head

rush/hush


R/CH

rat/chat

rain/chain

race/chase

rink/chink

rhyme/chime

rip/chip

reap/cheep

rare/chair

rest/chest

rose/chose


R/DZ

rain/Jane

reap/jeep

rack/Jack

rail/jail

rest/jest

rig/jig

rust/just

racks/jacks

rake/Jake

raw/jaw


R/M

rain/main

rail/mail

real/meal

rat/mat

roast/most

rug/mug

rust/must

ran/man

right/might

rake/make


R/N

rack/knack

rail/nail

real/kneel

wreck/neck

rope/nope

wrestle/nestle

rod/nod

rose/nose

right/night

read/need


R/L

ramp/lamp

race/lace

rake/lake

reef/leaf

rock/lock

right/light

road/load

rain/lane

ram/lamb

read/lead


R/W

rock/wok

rag/wag

rig/wig

rake/wake

ring/wing

rink/wink

run/one

real/wheel

red/wed


R/Y

ray/yay

rue/you

rot/yacht

rap/yap

rack/yak

ram/yam



Return to Top of Minimal Pairs List


W


W/P

why/pie

win/pin

wipe/pipe

when/pen

worse/purse

wage/page

wig/pig

whine/pine

wheel/peel

wool/pull


W/B

woe/bow

why/buy

wed/bed

whack/back

one/bun

wag/bag

white/bite

worst/burst

west/best

wall/ball


W/T

why/tie

win/tin

woe/toe

wipe/type

one/ton

wag/tag

white/tight

whale/tail

west/test

wall/tall


W/D

whip/dip

weep/deep

when/den

wig/dig

whine/dine

wheel/deal

wave/Dave

one/done

weed/deed

while/dial


W/K

white/kite

weep/keep

wall/call

win/kin

wheeze/keys

wear/care

when/Ken

wind/kind

wage/cage


W/G

woe/go

why/guy

wag/gag

whale/Gail

wig/gig

wave/gave

wall/gall

will/gill


W/F

woe/foe

wed/fed

one/fun

white/fight

whale/fail

worst/first

wig/fig

wall/fall

weed/feed

win/fin


W/V

wow/vow

whale/veil

verse/worse

west/vest

wheeze/V's

wet/vet

whine/vine

Wayne/vein


W/S

woe/sew

why/sigh

wed/said

whack/sack

one/sun

wag/sag

white/sight

whale/sale

wheat/seat


W/Z

wee/Z

wed/zed

whack/Zach

west/zest

wheeze/Z's

whip/zip

when/Zen

wink/zinc

wit/zit


W/SH

well/shell

wall/shawl

whip/ship

wheat/sheet

wake/shake

wed/shed

weep/sheep

wine/shine

wave/shave

win/shin


W/Voiceless TH

win/thin

wink/think

wick/thick

wonder/thunder

word/third

war/Thor

worn/thorn


W/Voiced TH

we/thee

why/thy

wheeze/these

woes/those

way/they

wear/their

woe/though

when/then

where/there


W/H

wok/hock

wall/hall

whip/hip

wheat/heat

wed/head

weep/heap

whale/hail

why/high

woes/hose

way/hay


W/CH

wick/chick

win/chin

Wayne/chain

west/chest

whip/chip

walk/chalk


W/DZ

weep/jeep

whale/jail

wig/jig

weigh/Jay

wet/jet

worm/germ

wade/jade


W/M

woe/mow

why/my

white/might

wall/mall

will/mill

wheat/meat

weigh/May

whine/mine

when/men

wheel/meal


W/N

woe/no

whack/knack

whale/nail

white/night

weed/need

wheat/neat

weigh/neigh

wheel/kneel

whip/nip

wheeze/knees


W/L

weed/lead

wick/lick

white/light

wake/lake

wink/link

wed/lead

wet/let

wait/late

weep/leap

wife/life


W/R

wok/rock

wag/rag

wig/rig

wake/rake

wing/ring

wink/rink

one/run

wheel/real

wed/red


W/Y

way/yay

wet/yet

wham/yam

whack/yak

when/yen

Y


Y/P

yacht/pot

yen/pen

yay/pay

you/Pooh

yet/pet

yawn/pawn

yam/Pam

yak/pack


Y/B

yen/Ben

yay/bay

you/boo

yet/bet

yak/back

yes/Bess


Y/T

yacht/tot

yen/ten

you/two

yak/tack

yes/Tess

yell/tell

ya'll/tall

yank/tank


Y/D

yacht/dot

yen/den

yay/day

you/do

yet/debt

yawn/dawn

yam/dam

yum/dumb


Y/K

yacht/cot

yen/Ken

yay/Kay

ya'll/call

yolk/coke


Y/G

yet/get

yacht/got

yes/guess

ya'll/gall

yum/gum

year/gear


Y/F

yawn/fawn

yen/fen

yell/fell

yolk/folk

ya'll/fall

yay/Faye


Y/V

Yale/veil

year/veer

yet/vet

yawn/Vaughn


Y/S

yell/cell

yap/sap

yum/sum

yak/sack

yay/say

yet/set

yam/Sam

yolk/soak

you/Sue


Y/Z

yap/zap

yen/Zen

yak/Zach


Y/SH

you/shoe

yell/shell

ya'll/shawl

yak/shack

yank/shank


Y/Voiceless TH

yay/they

yum/thumb

yanks/thanks


Y/Voiced TH

ye/thee

yay/they

yo/though


Y/H

you/who

year/hear

yak/hack

yen/hen

yacht/hot

yam/ham

yay/hay

yard/hard

yellow/hello

yank/Hank


Y/CH

year/cheer

yellow/cello

yes/chess


Y/DZ

yay/Jay

yet/jet

yak/jack

yolk/joke

yam/jam

yeti/jetty

yacht/jot

yell/gel


Y/M

yellow/mellow

yes/mess

yay/may

yet/met

yak/Mac

yap/map


Y/N

yap/nap

yell/Nell

yak/knack

yay/neigh

yet/net

yacht/not


Y/L

yam/lamb

yay/lay

yawn/lawn

yes/less

yard/lard

yacht/lot

yet/let

yap/lap

yank/lank


Y/R

yay/ray

yacht/rot

yap/rap

yak/rack

yam/ram

yank/rank


Y/W

yay/way

yet/wet

yam/wham

yak/whack

yen/when



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This list of functional words was professionally selected to be the most useful for a child or adult who has difficulty with minimal pairs.

We encourage you to use this list when practicing at home.

Doing home practice will help your child make much faster progress toward correct production.

Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) are only able to see students/clients 30-60 mins (or less) per week.

This is not enough time or practice for someone to strengthen their understanding of minimal pairs. But with high caseloads...

...it's all SLPs can do.

There's only so much time in the day.

Every day that your child goes without practice it becomes more and more difficult to correct Minimal Pairs errors because he/she continues to say it incorrectly. 

We know life is busy, but if you're reading this you're probably someone who cares about helping their loved one as much as you can.

Practice 5-10 minutes whenever you can, but try to do it on a consistent basis (daily).

Please, please, please use this list to practice.

It will be a great benefit to you and your loved one's progress.



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