The Test of Problem Solving-Adolescent (TOPS-Adolescent) is a diagnostic test of problem solving and critical thinking for secondary students (ages 12 through 18 years). It is designed to assess a student’s language-based critical thinking and reasoning abilities needed for events of everyday living. It addresses the school curricula and the social arena faced by adolescents. The mean standard score is 100 and the standard deviation is 15, therefore performances between 85 and 115 are within the average range.
obtained a Total Test Score of , which is at the percentile. This is in the range compared to age peers.