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Clinical Assessment of Articulation and Phonology-Second Edition (CAAP-2)

The Clinical Assessment of Articulation and Phonology-Second Edition (CAAP-2) is a norm-referenced instrument designed to assess English articulation and phonology in preschool and school-age children.  It provides two types of standard scores that measure articulation competence.  These are (1) a Consonant Inventory Score (CI) and (2) a School Age Sentence Score (SAS) both of which have a mean of 100 and 85-115 as the range of average.

In addition, ten phonological processes are analyzed for percentage of occurrence.  XXX's CI standard score of       is considered       .   XXX's SAS standard score of       is considered       .    A review of XXX’s consonant inventory and consonant singleton index indicate that      . 

An analysis of XXX’s productions on the Phonological Process Checklist(T) indicate the following processes to be active (greater than 40% occurrence): 

 The Phonological Checklists provide two types of scores that measure the occurrence of phonological processes.  The first is a simple percentage of occurrence approach used for sampling phonological processes.  Measures greater than 40% are considered significant.  The second type is a standard scored based upon the responses to the Phonological Process Checklists. All standard scores have a mean of 100 and a standard deviation of 15.

  Standard Score
Consonant Inventory  
School Age Sentence  
Phonological Process Percent Occurrence
Final Consonant Deletion  
Cluster Reduction  
Syllable Reduction  
Prevocalic Voicing  
Postvocalic Devoicing