The Clinical Assessment of Articulation and Phonology (CAAP) is a norm-referenced instrument designed to assess English articulation and phonology in preschool and school-age children. It provides two types of standard scores that measure articulation competence. These are a Consonant Inventory Score (CI) and a School Age Sentence Score (SAS) both of which have a mean of 100 and 85-115 as the range of average. In addition, phonological processes are analyzed for percentage of occurrence. 's CI standard score of is considered . 's SAS standard score of is considered . A review of ’s consonant inventory and consonant singleton index indicate that .
An analysis of ’s productions on the Phonological Process Checklists indiate the following processes to be active (greater than 40% occurrence):